Ayurveda and Siddha

St. Joseph's & Santhigiri Ayurveda & Siddha Healthcare Centre

Main Road, Opp. AC College, Near flyover, GUNTUR - 522 004

AYURVEDA SYSTEM

The Body Matrix

Life in Ayurveda is conceived as the union of body, senses, mind and soul. The living man is a conglomeration of three humours (Vata, Pitta & Kapha), seven basic tissues (Rasa, Rakta, Mansa, Meda, Asthi, Majja & Shukra) and the waste products of the body such as faeces, urine and sweat. Thus the total body matrix comprises of the humours, the tissues and the waste products of the body. The growth and decay of this body matrix and its constituents revolve around food which gets processed into humours, tissues and wastes. Ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation and metabolism of food have an interplay in health and disease which are significantly affected by psychological mechanisms as well as by bio-fire (Agni).

Health and Sickness

Health or sickness depends on the presence or absence of a balanced state of the total body matrix including the balance between its different constituents. Both the intrinsic and extrinsic factors can cause disturbance in the natural equilibrium giving rise to disease. This loss of equilibrium can happen by dietary indiscrimination, undesirable habits and non-observance of rules of healthy living. Seasonal abnormalities, improper exercise or erratic application of sense organs and incompatible actions of the body and mind can also result in creating disturbance of the existing normal balance. The treatment consists of restoring the balance of disturbed body-mind matrix through regulating diet, correcting life-routine and behaviour, administration of drugs and resorting to preventive Panchkarma and Rasayana therapy

Types of Treatment

The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as

Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment)
Shodhana treatment aims at removal of the causative factors of somatic and psychosomatic diseases. The process involves internal and external purification. The usual practices involved are Panchkarma (medically induced Emesis, Purgation, Oil Enema, Decoction enema and Nasal administration of medicines), Pre-panchkarma procedures (external and internal oleation and induced sweating). Panchkarma treatment focuses on metabolic management. It provides needed purificatory effect, besides conferring therapeutic benefits. This treatment is especially helpful in neurological disorders, musculo-skeletal disease conditions, certain vascular or neuro-vascular states, respiratory diseases, metabolic and degenerative disorders.

Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment)

Shamana therapy involves suppression of vitiated humours (doshas). The process by which disturbed humour subsides or returns to normal without creating imbalance of other humours is known as shamana. This treatment is achieved by use of appetisers, digestives, exercise and exposure to sun, fresh air etc. In this form of treatment, palliatives and sedatives are used.

Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity)

Pathya Vyavastha comprises indications and contraindications in respect of diet, activity, habits and emotional status. This is done with a view to enhance the effects of therapeutic measures and to impede the pathogenetic processes. Emphasis on actions such as dos and donts of diet is laid with the aim to stimulate Agni and optimize digestion and assimilation of food in order to ensure strength of tissues.

Nidan Parivarjan (Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors)

Nidan Parivarjan is to avoid the known disease causing factors in diet and lifestyle of the patient. It also encompasses the idea to refrain from precipitating or aggravating factors of the disease.

Satvavajaya (Psychotherapy)

Satvavajaya concerns mainly with the area of mental disturbances. This includes restraining the mind from desires for unwholesome objects and cultivation of courage, memory and concentration. The study of psychology and psychiatry have been developed extensively in Ayurveda and have wide range of approaches in the treatment of mental disorders.

Rasayana therapy (use of immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines)

Rasayana therapy deals with promotion of strength and vitality. The integrity of body matrix, promotion of memory, intelligence, immunity against the disease, the preservation of youth, lustre and complexion and maintenance of optimum strength of the body and senses are some of the positive benefits credited to this treatment. Prevention of premature bear and tear of body tissues and promotion of total health content of an individual are the roles that Rasayana therapy plays.

SIDDHA SYSTEM

Siddha medicine is one of the ancient medicine system of India. Siddha was the medicine of Dravidians. The person who were associated with establishing siddha system were known as "SIDDHARS". There were many, among them, 18 siddhars called as "pathinensiddhars" is said to be the formers of this system.

They recorded their finding in medicine, yoga , astrology, alchemy in Tamil language. There are "96 Thathuvams" in Siddha. The fundamental principle include 5 elements(Aimpootham), 3 temperaments(Mukkutram). They diagnosed by 8 methods of examiniation (Envagaithervu), by palpatiny NAADIS they will find & evaluate ethiology, treatment and prognosis.

Siddha is not only a, medical science, but also the way of leading a perfect life. Siddha imparts 4 kinds of knowledge :-

VATHAM - Alechemy;

VAIDHYAM - medicine& treatment

YOGAM - Purification or regulation of body & mind. Achieving longevity by practicing Astangayoga.

GNANAM - Attainment of supreme knowledge.

TREATMENT METHODS IN SIDDHA

VINNAVAR MARUTHUVAM - Divine treatment for chronic & dreadful diseases.

MAANIDA MARUTHUVAM - Rational treatment for common diseases.

ASURAMARUTHUVAM - Surgical treatment.

Siddha medical system classifies the medicines in to 32 types of external medicines and 32 types of internl medicines.Around 700 Mooligai(herbal), 11 types of Lohas (metal) 25 type of karasaram (salts), 120 Uparasam which also includes Jeeva porulgal (animal derived) and 64 types of Paashanas(Arsenical compounds) are utilized for the preparation of medicine.

The toxic nature of metals & minerals are removed by heavy purification methods, which not only removes toxic but also improves he efficiency of the drugs which makes the siddha medicines more safe to use and provides highly efficacious medicines. Higher form of medicines like parpam and Chendooram are considered as nano-medicines. Each medicine has multi target effect; it can be prescribed for different diseases by changing the "Anupana" (Vehicles). Medicine are available for 4,448 diseases which are cost effective.

SPECIAL TREATMENT METHODS IN SIDDHA

THOKKANAM :- The massage procedures,there are 9 types.

VARNAM :- Manipulation of 108 vital points.

YOGA :- Includes Pranayamam,Dhyanam,Dharana.

KAYAKALPAM :- Rejuventars for longevity.

PURA MARUTHUVAM :- 32 types of external treatments for selected diseases.

NOI ELLA NERI :- Hygenie,diet,daily life habits.

HOLISTIC EFFECT OF SIDDHA MEDICINES

"Maruppathu udal noi marunthenalagum
Maruppathu ul noi marunthenachalum
Maruppathu eni noi vaarathirikka
Maruppathu saavai marunthenalamae"
(THIRUMANthiram-THIEUMOOLAR)

Meaning :-

One that cures physical ailment is medicine.

One that cures psychological ailment is medicine.

One that prevents ailment is medicine.

Siddha medicine cures physicl illness; simultaneously alleviates mental illness, prevents onset of the disease; extends life span of an individual.

Diet and all the Ayurvedic Treatment

In Ayurveda, regulation of diet as therapy has great importance. This is because it considers human body as the product of food. An individuals mental and spiritual development as well as his temperament is influenced by the quality of food consumed by him / her. Food in human body is transformed first into chyle or Rasa and then successive processes involve its conversion into blood, muscle, fat, bone, bone-marrow, reproductive elements and ojas. Thus, food is basic to all the metabolic transformations and life activities. Lack of nutrients in food or improper transformation of food lead to a variety of disease conditions.

1) Vamanan (Medically induced vomiting) -

Focus area - Respiratory system and upper gastro intestinal tract

Beneficial for:

  • All kapha diseases
  • Skin diseases like leucoderma
  • Asthma and related respiratory conditions
  • Kapha dominant mental diseases

2) Virechanam (Medically induced purgation) -

Focus area - Digestive system, Spleen, Liver, Spleen

Beneficial for:

  • All pitha diseases
  • All types of skin diseases
  • All digestive disorders
  • Diseases of the eyes
  • Mental disorders
  • Chronic rheumati

3) Snehavasthy (Enema) -

Focus area - Overall digestive system

Beneficial for:

  • Vata related diseases
  • Disorders of the reproductive tract
  • Spinal disorders

4) Nasyam (Nasally administered treatments) -

Focus area - The nose, vital organs above the neck

Beneficial for:

  • Nose disorders and Para-nasal sinuses
  • Head and neck disorders
  • Hair and scalp diseases
  • Brain and spinal cord disorders

5) Kashayavasthy (Herbal enema) -

Focus area - Lower digestive tract/intestines

Beneficial for:

  • All vata diseases
  • Chronic rheumatisms
  • Other joint diseases
  • Various nervous disorders
  • Deep rooted skin diseases
  • Diseases of the urino -genital system, gynaecological diseases etc

6) Uzhichil or Abhyanga (Oil Massage) -

Focus area - Overall body

Beneficial for:

  • Relieve general weakness and tiredness
  • Stimulate good sleep
  • Improve blood circulation
  • Improve digestion and appetite
  • Prevent dryness of the skin

7) Tharpanam (Treatment for the eyes) -

Focus area - The eyes:

Beneficial for:

  • Refractive errors of the eyes
  • Degenerative diseases of the eyes and the optic nerve
  • Over stress of the eyes
  • Damages of the eyes

8) Putapakam -

Focus area - The eyes Beneficial for:

Beneficial for:

  • Eye Damage
  • Overstressed eyes
  • Optic nerve degeneration

9) Pichu -

Focus area - depending on the receiver's condition

Beneficial for:

  • Pain and stiffness of the joints
  • Muscle cramps
  • Headaches (Siro Pichu)
  • Diseases of the eyes and eyes (Siro Pichu)
  • Degenerative diseases of the joints

10) Pizhichil (Pouring warm medicated oil) -

Focus area - Overall body, joints

Beneficial for:

  • Degenerative joint diseases
  • Nervous disorders
  • Spine and vertebrae related issues
  • Chronic rheumatism

11) Thalapothichil -

Focus area - The head and scalp

Beneficial for:

  • Mental stress and anxiety
  • Sleeping disorders
  • Dandruff and hair loss
  • Chronic headache and sinusitis
  • Degenerative diseases of the cranial nerves

12) Sirovasthy -

Focus area: The head and the scalp

Beneficial for:

  • Diseases of the brain and nervous system
  • Degenerative diseases of the nervous system
  • Chronic headaches
  • Stroke and facial paralysis
  • Diseases of the spine and vertebrae

13) Podikizhy (Bundle Massage) -

Focus area: Overall body

Beneficial for:

  • In all types of inflammatory arthritis
  • Osteo arthritis
  • Degenerative diseases
  • Diseases of the spine and vertebral column

14) Lepanam -

Focus area: Overall body (Focus area depends on the condition)

Beneficial for:

  • Pain and swelling on the joints
  • Discolorations on the skin
  • Inflammations on the body parts
  • Skin diseases
  • On ulcers and wounds
  • Any other localized condition

15) Dhanyamladhara -

Focus area - Overall body - Kapha and Vata Dosha

Beneficial for:

  • Gout and other inflammatory arthritis
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Acute stages of hemiplegia
  • Inflammatory stages of other arthritis

16) Kateevasthy -

Focus area - The back (Focus changes as per the receiver's condition)

Beneficial for:

  • Pain on the neck, lower back and chest
  • Restricted movements of the joints
  • Osteoporosis and other degenerations

17) Upanaham -

Focus area - Varies depending on the receiver’s condition

Beneficial for:

  • Osteo-arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Inflammations on the joints
  • Stiffness of the joints
  • Wasting of muscles

18) Thalam -

Focus area - The crown / middle region of the head

Beneficial for:

  • Insomnia
  • High blood pressure
  • Facial paralysis
  • Stroke
  • Cervical spondylosis
  • Stress and mental disorders

19) Rakthamoksham -

Focus area: Overall body

Beneficial for:

  • Blood purification
  • Healing wounds and ulcerations

20) Udwarthanam (Herbal Powder Massage) -

Focus area: Overall body/ Lymphatic system

Beneficial for:

  • Reducing body weight
  • Skin discolorations and scars
  • Early stages of nervous and muscular diseases
  • Inflammatory joint diseases

21) Ksheera Dhoomam -

Focus Area - The Head and Neck

Beneficial for:

  • Facial paralysis
  • Diseases of the sense organs
  • Headaches
  • Diseases of the brain and nervous system
  • Diseases of the chest and heart

22) Ksheeradhara -

Focus Area - The Beneficial for

Beneficial for:

  • Pitha diseases
  • Headaches and insomnia
  • Mental stress and anxiety
  • Improve memory and concentration

23) Navarakizhi (Bundle massage with medicated rice) -

Focus Area: Overall body

Beneficial for:

  • Nervous degeneration
  • Numbness and burning sensation in the body
  • Fatigue/overall weakness
  • Muscle wasting
  • Stroke

24) Narangakizhi (Bundle massage with lemons) -

Focus Area: Overall body/ especially lower back

Beneficial for:

  • Sciatica
  • Spondylosis
  • Low back ache
  • Acute inflammatory arthritis